Common menstrual problems in adolescent girls

Many adolescent girls are reluctant to discuss their body problems with their parents. So it is important to maintain communication with children at this stage, especially mothers.

A common menstrual problem in adolescent girls is irregular bleeding, a phenomenon called “dysfunctional uterine bleeding.” But don’t be intimidated by the name, in most cases it’s nothing to worry about. It refers to menstrual periods that are more frequent, or last longer than usual, or have no periods at all.

Bleeding between periods is a classic manifestation of dysfunctional uterine bleeding. This disease sometimes causes anemia in children.

Causes of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Most of them are due to hormonal changes in the body. The most common is that the body does not ovulate during the menstrual cycle, which will cause hormonal disorders and cause irregular menstruation and excessive bleeding.
Thyroid problems.
Polycystic ovary.
Irregular exercise, unbalanced diet and stress, etc.
Coagulation disorders such as hemophilia.
Manifestations of dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Bleeding too much, changing sanitary pads every hour;
Menstruation lasts more than ten days;
Menstruation occurs again in less than 20 days;
Menstruation has not come for more than three months.

Diagnosis of dysfunctional uterine bleeding
Doctors need to diagnose the disease based on a medical history and physical examination, and sometimes labs and imaging tests to rule out certain diseases or identify the cause.

Treatment of Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding
Treatment is most effective for causes such as polycystic ovaries and thyroid problems. Children with anemia should also be treated with iron supplementation.

If it is a hormonal disorder, oral contraceptives are generally used for treatment. Note that contraceptives are used here not for contraception but to regulate hormone levels.

It is very common for adolescent girls to have menstrual problems. It is very important to maintain communication with your child. Let your child trust you so that they will know as soon as possible that there is something wrong with their body.