Ukrainian drones have performed well, and Taiwan experts believe that the transition from peace to war is a trend in the future

During the Russian-Ukrainian war, Ukraine has repeatedly used military and civilian-grade UAVs to make significant military achievements. Taiwan experts and scholars believe that UAVs will be the key to building air superiority for small countries in the future. There are currently more than 10,000 civilian UAVs operating in Taiwan. people, future conflicts can play an important role.

A new think tank, the Taiwan Taoist Strategy Association, established last year, today held a seminar on “Russian-Ukrainian War Inspiration for Taiwan’s New National Defense” to discuss the use of drones in conflicts across the Taiwan Strait.

Luo Zhengfang, founder of Jingwei Technology, pointed out that many people think that Russia should be able to take Ukraine quickly, but they did not expect Ukraine to survive without air superiority. Therefore, “UAVs are the air superiority of small countries.” The world shows how small countries can use asymmetrical combat power to completely change the pattern of warfare.

Compared with military drones, which take a long time to train, commercial models can be used in about a week, and Taiwan currently has about 10,000 qualified drone operators. If a war breaks out in Taihai, will civilian drones be able to play a role in the battlefield immediately?

Zhou Yonghong, chairman of the Taichung City Drone Pilots Professional Association, pointed out, “Taiwan’s civilian drone pilots usually perform aerial photography, surveying, and other businesses. There is a group of skilled pilots to assist in the fight.”

Although domestic UAV-related regulations are not yet complete, in addition to the problems of wartime integration, the battlefield environment in the Taiwan Strait is quite different from the ground war between Russia and Ukraine. The battle for air and sea supremacy in naval battles and missile attacks will be the main goals, so there are not many opportunities for drones to be useful in the early days.

Unless the national army’s anti-ship wave mission fails in the middle and late stages of the war, allowing the PLA to land successfully and enter residential areas and towns to fight, a large number of domestic drone pilots can be converted into auxiliary roles of the national army, so the relevant units still have to introduce a bill for this situation. , Incorporate commercial drone teams into the defense system, and conduct large-scale exercises such as Hanguang or Wan’an to accumulate military-civilian cooperative combat experience and cultivate the ability to convert between peace and war.

The mobile game “Genshin Impact” became popular, New York Times: China is changing the global video game industry

The Chinese mobile game “Genshin Impact” has become popular in recent years. The New York Times reported that in the global video game industry with an annual output value of 200 billion US dollars, “Genshin Impact” has become popular all over the world, symbolizing the rise of the Chinese game industry and challenging the dominance of the United States and Japan. status.

According to a report by The New York Times on the 18th, “Yuan Shen” was released at the end of 2020 and was developed by Shanghai-based Mihayou Company. It is the first mobile game in the Chinese game industry to become popular all over the world. Monitoring firm Sensor Tower said Genshin Impact earned $2 billion in its first year on the market, setting a mobile game record.

The report said that although Genshin Impact is a free-to-play game, it has created a lot of revenue. Its success represents that China is changing the global video game industry that has long been dominated by the United States and Japan and has an annual output value of 200 billion US dollars.

Japanese developers still dominated the market four years ago, but about one-third of Japan’s top 100 mobile games now come from China, according to research firm Niko Partners.

The report quoted Yukio Futaki, a game developer in Fukuoka, Japan, as saying, “Genshin Impact is great. In terms of technology, art and entertainment, people in the industry think ‘we are in trouble'”.

Futaki Yukio said that the biggest threat to the Japanese game industry is not China. The problem is still related to Japan’s aging, shrinking market, licensing agreements, and the company’s refusal to accept new ideas. “No Japanese company is willing to pay for our company to make the game it wants to make. Chinese companies recognize us the most, and we can retain all intellectual property rights in investment projects.”

However, according to the analysis of the report, “Yuanshin” relies on Japan’s soft power, which proves that China’s soft power is limited. For many years, the Chinese game industry has been isolated from the rest of the world. Under the strict scrutiny of the government, the lack of creative soil has made it difficult for the video game industry to produce original content that is popular all over the world. Although China has the technology, it still lacks original ideas.

Intel CEO: Chips are like oil, and the US should increase its own production to dominate

Global powers regard the local supply capacity of chips as a national security issue, which drives the semiconductor manufacturing industry to be more dispersed and reduces the risk of over-concentration of production areas. On March 23, Pat Gelsinger, CEO of semiconductor giant Intel (Intel), accepted an interview with the media and compared chips to oil, which is an important bargaining chip in contemporary international political relations.

CNBC reported that in an interview with CNBC’s “Squawk Box” on the 23rd, Kissinger said that in the past 50 years, oil reserves have affected global geopolitical issues, and entering the digital age, the location of fabs will also become the power behind the game of global powers Therefore, Intel will accelerate its global layout and return its chip manufacturing capabilities, which are highly concentrated in Asia, to Europe and the United States.

The report pointed out that fabs specialize in semiconductor wafer manufacturing and production. At present, most of the global wafers are manufactured in Asia, with Taiwan having the highest market share. But China has long claimed Taiwan’s sovereignty and threatened to use force to unify the island, and the outside world has begun to worry that the excessive concentration of the chip industry in Taiwan, where political risks are high, is not a good thing.

In February 2021, after taking over as CEO of Intel, Ji Singer actively promoted the geographical diversity of chip manufacturing, and planned to invest heavily in the construction of new fabs in the United States and Europe, and enter the foundry business to compete with Taiwan’s TSMC and South Korea’s Samsung. Dominance of Asian chip makers such as Samsung Electronics.

The LME is in chaos! Nickel metal trading opened and stopped, up and down to 8%

The global raw material market fluctuated sharply due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. After the London Metal Exchange (LME) frantically squeezed and suspended trading for a week, it was hoped that the global nickel market would be back on track after trading resumed, but it backfired. After the resumption of trading on the 16th, the nickel price immediately hit the lower limit and stopped again due to a “technical problem”. “Reuters” described the transaction as chaotic, which greatly damaged the reputation of the LME. The LME also announced that the price of the nickel market on the 17th was relaxed to 8%. .

After the short-squeezing of nickel market futures trading, the LME recently announced the resumption of nickel metal trading on the 16th and set a 5% increase and decrease, but the “Wall Street Journal” reported that when trading resumed at 8 a.m. local time, nickel prices fell sharply, falling to $45,590 per ton. Immediately, the 5% price limit, which prevents sharp price fluctuations, is touched.

The LME later said that due to a “system error”, the electronic trading platform still allowed “small trades” to keep the market below the limit. However, the LME soon stated that it had decided to suspend electronic trading due to “technical problems”. After investigating the problem and re-trading on the afternoon of the 16th, the trading volume almost froze.

Traders may start to consider moving away from the LME
“Reuters” described the reopening of the LME nickel metal market as chaotic. The reopening of chaos has put more pressure on the LME. As nickel prices soared wildly last week, existing investors faced losses of billions of dollars, and the LME’s subsequent suspension of trading attracted a lot of criticism. The disorder began to make some traders doubt whether Possibly look for alternative exchanges.

A metal trader said bluntly: “The transaction is really messed up, it’s embarrassing, and even disorder is not enough to describe.” Another metal trader said: “People are starting to think about staying away from the LME.”

After the restart of trading was thrown into chaos, the LME announced the cancellation of trading below the limit line, but other transactions were not affected. At the same time, the LME also announced that on the 17th, it would expand the price limit of nickel to 8%, and added that it may further adjust the price limit of nickel and other metals according to market conditions.

The F-35 once greeted the J-20 in the East China Sea, the US Air Force general confirmed

When the Air Force Commander of the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command recently participated in a think tank activity, he said that his F-35 had close contact with the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s J-20 and Air Police-500 early warning aircraft during patrols in the East China Sea, but he was still not sure if the J-20 was in China. What is the main role played by the Air Force.

Indo-Pacific Command Air Force Commander General Kenneth Wilsbach recently participated in a meeting of the Mitchell Institute of Aerospace Studies (Mitchell Institute of Aerospace Studies) under the American Air Force Association (AFA), and confirmed that the US F-35 and the People’s Liberation Army J-20 ( J-20) and Air Police-500 (KJ-500) in the East China Sea.

Admiral Verbach did not respond to the host’s question about the date of the incident, or whether it happened more than once, but said that the encounter impressed the US military with the command and coordination of the J-20 and KJ-500.

“I wouldn’t say it’s a fight, because the two planes were just close to each other and observed each other for a while, but they really flew well.” Werbach pointed out that the US Air Force has a very good role for the KJ-500 in the People’s Liberation Army. Interested, still studying the operation mode of this early warning aircraft.

“KJ-500 is their latest airborne early warning platform. Many long-range missiles, such as the PL-15 (PL-15) long-range missile, must rely on it for guidance.” Werbach said how to interfere with the PLA’s long-range missile hunting chain (Kill chain) is his latest interest.

As for the J-20, Verbach also said that the U.S. military is still not sure whether the latest fighter jet of the PLA will serve as a multi-mission platform like the F-35 or a full-time air superiority like the F-22, but based on the actions observed by the U.S. military, it is still based on the air. Excellent tasks are in the majority.

Although the Russian-Ukrainian war has been going on for three weeks, for the Indo-Pacific Command, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army is still the number one imaginary enemy of the U.S. military. In addition to continuing to monitor the PLA’s actions, it has also recently responded to North Korea’s missile test launch and held large-scale exercises in the Yellow Sea to maintain the Western Pacific region. deterrent.

Green energy installations expand again, China will build 450GW of solar and wind power in deserts

The number of renewable energy installations in China has been increasing year by year. In 2020, the number of renewable energy installations has reached 895GW, more than the sum of the European Union, the United States and Australia. According to a Reuters report, China is now planning a larger-scale solar-wind power hybrid power plant. It is expected to build a 450GW ultra-large-scale renewable energy park in the desert.

Reuters pointed out that China is preparing a series of large-scale solar and wind power projects, which will increase China’s renewable energy installations by nearly 1TW. He Lifeng, head of China’s National Development and Reform Commission, pointed out at the recent National People’s Congress that China will build history in the Gobi and desert. The largest solar and wind power plant with a capacity of 450GW.

The large hybrid plant is nearly a quarter of the way through, with about 100GW of capacity under construction.

By the end of 2021, the cumulative installed capacity of China’s solar energy capacity has reached 306GW, and the cumulative capacity of wind power has reached 328GW. As part of an energy transition and reducing carbon emissions, Chinese President Xi Jinping has pledged to increase the number of solar and wind power installations to 1.2TW by 2030.

On the other hand, although China needs to reduce the proportion of coal-fired power generation, it also has to use coal-fired power generation and ultra-high voltage transmission lines to stabilize intermittent renewable energy. After all, renewable energy depends on the sky. When there is no sunshine or no wind, the power grid will suddenly reduce a large amount of renewable energy power, which greatly affects the stability of power supply.

Chinese Vice-Premier Han Zheng also said that China should give full play to the “basic guarantee function of coal combustion in energy supply”. The 2022 work plan previously released by the National Development and Reform Commission also pointed out that China will continue to play the role of peak-shaving and supporting traditional energy sources such as coal and coal-fired.

What is Russia’s “hybrid warfare” that China is learning about?

The situation of the Russian-Ukrainian war was not as good as Moscow’s plan, but the Russian army launched a series of “hybrid warfare” offensives on and off the battlefield since before and after the war. What elements does this new form of modern warfare contain, and how can it create advantages for Russia?

On February 24th, when Russia entered Ukraine, in addition to the offensive of the army, navy and air force, the Russian cyber army also launched a multi-level offensive. Ukrainian political, financial, military, media and many infrastructure network systems have been blocked by DDoS attacks, and international public opinion Russia has also launched a disinformation war with major media.

A photo of information warfare attack and defense
The independent American photographer Wolfgang Schwan went to the suburbs of Kharkov, where the fighting was fierce, and took pictures of Olena Kurilo, a woman who was injured by the Russian bombing and immediately It became the headlines adopted by major international media, and this photo also became the best portrayal of the Russian-Ukrainian war.

Russia’s deputy ambassador to the United Nations, Alexander Alimov, immediately counterattacked through Twitter, calling the woman an actor and posting two other photos of similar-looking women appearing on other occasions in Kyiv. Russian media also reported that Olena’s photo was taken in 2015. A synthesis of old news from the Battle of Bath.

However, The Intercept, an independent news network in the United States, pointed out that in addition to Schwan, Olena was interviewed by two other independent reporters, Justin Yau and Alex Lourie, and the interviews were shot and videotaped directly through the camera, so it can be determined that the photo is from Carl on February 28. In the suburbs of Cove, in addition to the comparison photos proposed by Deputy Ambassador Alimov, there is a considerable gap in appearance with Olena Kurilo herself.

Using fake news to smear the truth, the main goal is not to confuse black and white, but to provide resources for pro-Russian mass war of words, and to win over neutral ethnic groups to create the perception that “the United States and Russia are as bad”. The online pen battles that modern people are accustomed to are actually part of the Russian hybrid war.

What is hybrid warfare?
The term “hybrid warfare” was first proposed by Frank G. Hoffman, a professor at the National Defense University in the United States in 2007. It refers to the integration of traditional, political, cyber and asymmetric warfare, with diplomatic, legal, disinformation or A new mode of warfare that interferes with elections and other means to achieve political goals and avoid subsequent responsibilities and retaliation.

Although hybrid warfare and Grey Zone Conflicts are similar in concept, grey zone conflicts do not include regular warfare methods that are also used in hybrid warfare. Terms such as hybrid warfare, gray zone conflict, and irregular warfare (Irregular Warfare) are often used interchangeably as definitions remain controversial.

“Cognitive control” is the core goal of hybrid warfare
The 2003 Russian annual defense white paper also stated that in the future, Russian military operations will incorporate various non-traditional methods, including the use of disinformation, cyber attacks and proxy forces (Proxy Forces), combined with traditional force, to quickly destroy or control enemy communications, political After the war and the military center, make the opponent’s command incapacitate and complete the goal.

Former Russian Chief of Staff Valery Gerasimov explained in detail the framework, state classification and operation methods of Russia’s mixed strategy. This theory has been verified in Estonia, Georgia and Crimea, so Europe and the United States called this strategy For the “Gerasimov Doctrine” (Gerasimov Doctrine).

Greshimov pointed out that the use of various tactics in hybrid warfare is aimed at “perception control”, from international and private channels, to create as much as possible unfavorable cognition to the target country’s government, and then to the country’s leadership. Class pressure, even splitting the cabinet team, ultimately made decisions in Russia’s favor.

At present, the strategic use of Russian hybrid warfare, with special emphasis on the use of non-military means to expand the internal disputes of the target country, in order to implement cognitive control, there are 11 main methods, these cognitive control methods must be adjusted according to the situation during the preparation, execution and completion of the target. Use, and can not be interrupted, otherwise the control effect will soon disappear.

Application of Hybrid Warfare in Russian-Ukrainian War
Russian President Vladimir Putin said in July 2021 that Russia, Belarus and Ukraine are all inseparable parts of the East Slavic nation, that Ukraine has no point in becoming an independent country, and that it has been trying to rewrite history for many years is unacceptable behavior for Moscow.

In a televised speech in February this year, Putin accused Ukraine of becoming a country full of neo-Nazism, carrying out genocide against local Russian residents in the Donbas region, so Russia is obliged to intervene humanitarianly and officially recognize Donetsk and Luhansk Independence of the People’s Republic.

During the process of the army buildup, Russia used a mixed warfare strategy, constantly releasing inconsistent information, and repeatedly denied sending troops to Ukraine. The army buildup was purely for exercises. Putin and cabinet officials have repeatedly ridiculed the West for deliberately exaggerating the Russian threat, just to trigger a war to weaken Russia. .

In particular, after Bloomberg accidentally reported the fake news of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on February 4, although it immediately withdrew and issued an apology statement, it also caused the Russian state media to ridicule and make many signs of the Russian military’s pre-war preparations covered by other information.

At the same time, the Russian army gathered in the border city of Belgorod and pressed against the second largest city in Ukraine, Kharkiv. In addition to putting pressure on the Kyiv authorities, it also misled the public to believe that if the Russian army wanted to send troops, the goal would be to Complete control of the Donbas region, replicating the Crimean model.

Therefore, from the end of 2021 to mid-February 2022, Ukraine has always been hesitant about whether a war will break out. President Zelensky still publicly refuted the war warnings of Europe and the United States until early February, saying that Ukrainian intelligence showed that there was no immediate threat of war. Russia and Russia are still conducting diplomatic negotiations, which shows that Russia’s mixed warfare strategy successfully delayed Kyiv’s reaction time in the preparation stage for the war.

After the United States announced for the first time that the Russian military would launch a full-scale offensive on February 16, Russia, in order to confuse international audiences, announced on February 15 that some of the exercise troops were withdrawing from their original locations, and released videos of the withdrawal of troops through state media, making most international media believe that the crisis or will end.

On February 21, Putin suddenly announced that he would carry out “special operations” in the Donbas region, and once again stated that he had no intention of occupying Ukrainian territory, deepening the view that this was a recurrence of the Crimean model. The United States did not even identify Russia for the first time. The military dispatch was an act of aggression. It was not until the Russian army attacked Kyiv through Belarus that the world confirmed that Russia’s real intention was to overthrow the Zelensky regime.

Taiwan must learn to deal with hybrid warfare
As far as the current situation is concerned, if the Russian army had locked its strategic target in the Donbas region, it would not have been too difficult to press the situation with nearly 200,000 troops. As Saifanburg performed beheading tactics, the scale far exceeded the sum of Russia’s past mixed warfare experience.

Therefore, the Russian army is currently in a quagmire, and the tactics are returned to the traditional tactics of the Chechnya period, and the army is occupied after the carpet bombing.

Although the Russian army’s preparations were quite successful, Putin made a wrong assessment of Ukrainian high-level officials and the will of military and civilian resistance, which made the decapitation tactic fail. The prolonged war made logistics scheduling unable to keep up with the demand, and also lost the cognitive control effect of Greshimov Doctrine.

Although the Russian hybrid warfare is not as successful as in the past, the hybrid warfare technology developed in the past 20 years has become a reference target for the PLA’s full development. Taiwan can observe the new application of hybrid warfare technology in this conflict and develop complete countermeasures as soon as possible. , including information security protection, rapid response to false information, and more in-depth intelligence analysis and public opinion control. After all, what Taiwan is facing is not just a “little pink”, but a real “Internet army.”

Epidemic spread in Guangdong, China! Dongguan surged 142 confirmed cases overnight, and Shenzhen closed the city urgently

The epidemic in China continues to heat up. Shenzhen, Guangdong Province announced the closure of the city on the 13th. There were 140 asymptomatic infections in Dongguan City. Today, the city is urgently followed up and public transportation is suspended. Although Shanghai did not announce the closure of the city, it called on residents to Don’t leave if necessary”, which shows the seriousness of the epidemic.

The Shenzhen Municipal Government of Guangdong Province announced on the evening of the 13th that the city will implement “closed management”, and public transportation will be suspended from the 14th to the 20th. Except for the market, pharmacy and medical institutions and other necessities of life, businesses can continue to operate as usual, and other non-essential industries should suspend operations or stay at home. In the office, the restaurant can only take orders for food delivery.

The Shenzhen government requires all industrial and residential areas to take blockade measures, not to leave Shenzhen unless necessary, and will perform three rounds of PCR testing on the city’s residents.

In addition to Shenzhen in Guangdong Province, Dongguan City added 2 local confirmed cases and 140 asymptomatic infections on the 13th. Following up with Shenzhen’s announcement of a city closure, the city’s bus and subway operations were suspended from the 14th to the 20th, and all communities implemented “enclosure management”. Factories and enterprises in industrial parks fully implement closed management, and carry out PCR testing throughout the city, and the follow-up situation will be dynamically adjusted according to the epidemic situation.

Shanghai issued an announcement on the 12th, requiring citizens not to leave Shanghai unless it is necessary. If they want to enter or leave Shanghai, they must hold a negative PCR test report within 48 hours.

According to the Shanghai Health and Health Commission’s report on the 13th, 6 new confirmed cases and 55 local asymptomatic infections were reported. According to statistics, as of the 12th of this month, Shanghai had a total of 40 confirmed cases and 512 local asymptomatic infections.

It is rumored that the “nickel king” is unwilling to give up the short order, and the epic short squeeze is still pending?

Due to the shortage of nickel caused by Russia’s sanctions, it is rumored that China’s Tsingshan Group, a private stainless steel “carrying tyrant”, was affected by the epic short squeeze triggered by foreign capital. The price of nickel futures surged by 250% in a total of 48 hours on March 7th and 8th. London Metal The Exchange (LME) must suspend nickel trading. According to market rumors, Tsingshan Group has not given up its nickel short order.

Bloomberg reported on the 11th, citing unnamed sources, that Xiang Guangda, chairman of Tsingshan Group, known as the “nickel king”, told about 10 banks and brokers in recent days that he believed nickel prices would eventually fall, so he decided to keep the short position. single. News earlier this week had suggested that Xiang Guangda might be willing to get rid of all the shorts.

According to reports, the LME announced on March 8 that it will start a process to try to match the long and short positions of market participants to close short positions before the restart of nickel market trading to prevent another short squeeze after the market opens. However, Xiang Guangda, who currently holds a short order for 150,000 tonnes of nickel, has shown little interest. In fact, the LME admits that both long and short position holders are reluctant to reduce their positions before the market opens, especially those with short positions, and traders have very divided views on the price. This suggests that once the nickel market restarts, the quotations may spark more sparks.

Beijing Daily reported that in response to rumors of being short-squeezed by foreign capital, Tsingshan Group responded on March 9 that it had deployed sufficient cash for delivery. Market rumors pointed out that Tsingshan Group was short-squeezed by foreign investment (reportedly the international mining giant Glencore), and the potential loss of short positions could be as high as US$6 billion to US$12 billion. 60% stake in the mine.

Preventing data from being collected by the CCP, it is rumored that TikTok and Oracle have recently reached an agreement

In 2020, then-US President Donald Trump deliberately blocked TikTok, WeChat and other Chinese apps on the grounds that American user data could fall into the hands of the Chinese Communist Party. According to the latest news from foreign media, TikTok will reach an agreement with Oracle, a well-known enterprise software service provider, to ensure that ByteDance, the parent company of TikTok, cannot obtain US user data, in order to solve the regulatory concerns caused by TikTok in the United States.

Reuters reported on March 11 that in August 2020, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) required ByteDance to divest U.S. assets within 90 days. At that time, media sources pointed out that TikTok would establish an independent company in the United States, but it did not end up. implement.

After Joe Biden takes over as president in 2021, Trump’s ban on TikTok and WeChat has been reversed. Still, Biden asked the Commerce Department to conduct a comprehensive review to assess whether foreign apps pose a risk to U.S. data privacy or national security.

It’s unclear whether CFIUS will decide that TikTok’s partnership with Oracle can address what it sees as a national security risk, the people said. CFIUS declined to respond to this message.

According to people familiar with the matter, under the new cooperation agreement, TikTok will store all U.S. user data on Oracle’s data server, and the two sides will set up an independent team of hundreds of people to specifically manage the data, which is not subject to TikTok’s supervision or jurisdiction.

At present, TikTok US user data is stored in the TikTok data center in Virginia, and has a backup in Singapore.

TikTok is one of the most popular social media apps in the world with over 1 billion active users worldwide.