How does Lactacyd work?

Lactacyd
Usage: Daily feminine hygiene

How does Lactacyd work?
Lactacyd is a feminine cleanser with whey and lactic acid. Whey is a milky liquid that is rich in nutrients and acts as a food that supports the growth of gut bacteria (prebiotics), while lactic acid is used to moisturise and soothe the skin. Both of these ingredients prevent bacterial infections and cleanse the private parts to prevent dryness and itching.

How to use Lactacyd and adjust dosage?
Lactacyd is a topical cleanser. Shake well before use, then pour out about the size of your thumb (~5ml) in the palm of your hand, rub until foamy, and wash the vulva instead of shower gel when taking a bath, then rinse with water. Lactacyd recommends daily use.

What are the side effects of Lactacyd?
Lactacyd is a relatively safe product with no known side effects.

Who should not use Lactacyd?
Those who are allergic to prochlorperazine, phenothiazines, or any component of their preparations

Pharmacist Tip:
If symptoms do not improve after 7 days of use, discontinue use and consult a healthcare professional.
This product is suitable for daily use to clean and protect the private parts from bacterial infections.

Common taking time:
Lactacyd recommends using it daily in the shower instead of body wash.


The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:
None.

If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Fucidin work?

Fucidin
Use: Bacterial skin infections

How does Fucidin work?
Fucidin is a product that contains fusidic acid (or sodium fusidate). Fusidic acid is an antibiotic that kills bacteria by inhibiting the production of proteins in bacterial cells.

Fucidin is indicated for the treatment of bacterial skin infections.

How to use Fucidin and adjust dosage?
Fucidin is a topical cream or ointment. When used to treat skin infections, apply a small amount of the ointment to the affected area 3-4 times a day for 7 days (or as directed by your doctor). If your doctor instructs you to cover the affected area with a dressing or bandage, the frequency of applying the ointment may be reduced to 1-2 times a day.

What are the side effects of Fucidin?
Common side effects of Fucidin include skin irritation.

Who is not suitable for Fucidin?
Persons allergic to fusidic acid or any component of its preparations.

Pharmacist Tip:
Wash your hands before and after applying the ointment.
Even if you feel well, you must complete the entire course of antibiotics.

Common taking time:
Fucidin usually needs to be used 3-4 times a day (every 6-8 hours).


The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:
None.

If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Flagyl work?

Flagyl
Usage: Rosacea

How does Flagyl work?
Flagyl is a product containing metronidazole, which is used as an antibiotic and antiprotozoal. Its broad range of effects can be used to treat many types of infections, including bacterial and protozoal.

How to use Flagyl and adjust dosage?
Flagyl is an oral medication that comes in tablets and suspensions. The usual dose for adults is 400-500 mg taken three times a day. The dose will vary depending on the type of infection/condition you have.

What are the side effects of Flagyl?
Common side effects of Flagyl include nausea and vomiting, headache, and a metallic taste in the mouth.

Who should not use Flagyl?
Those who are allergic to metronidazole, nitroimidazole derivatives, or any components of their preparations
pregnant woman with trichomoniasis

Pharmacist Tip:
Avoid alcohol for three days after taking this medicine and finishing treatment, as it can enhance the effects of side effects such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and flushing.
Avoid exposure to sunlight or UV rays after taking this medicine.

Common taking time:
Flagyl should be taken with food to reduce stomach upset, every 8 hours (i.e. three times a day).

The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:

Alcohol
Anticoagulant drugs, such as Warfarin
Phenobarbital
Disulfiram
Lithium

If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Entresto work?

Entresto
Use: Symptomatic chronic heart failure


How does Entresto work?
Entresto is a product containing sacubitril and valsartan, which are neprilysin inhibitors and angiotensin type II receptor antagonists, respectively. Sacubitril helps to relax blood vessels and reduce sodium and fluid in the body; while valsartan inhibits vasoconstriction and the accumulation of sodium and fluid.

The combination of the two can help improve the heart’s ability to pump blood, making it suitable for treating heart failure.

How to use Entresto and adjust dosage?
Entresto is an oral medication. The usual starting dose is 100 mg twice daily; escalate to 200 mg twice daily over 2-4 weeks.

Children, patients with impaired liver or kidney function may need to take lower doses.

What are the side effects of Entresto?
Common side effects of Entresto include dizziness and cough. In rare cases, allergic reactions may occur, including symptoms such as difficulty breathing, hives, facial swelling, and swollen lips.

Who should not use Entresto:
Those who are allergic to sacubitril, valsartan, or any component of their preparations
People who have experienced angioedema after taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi) or angiotensin type II receptor blocker (ARB) drugs
Pregnant or breastfeeding women


Pharmacist Tip:
If you see postural hypotension, you should stand slowly, or sit and rest for a while.
Do not take any potassium (Potassium) supplements during treatment.
Avoid alcohol during treatment.
Common taking time:

Entresto can be taken on an empty or full stomach and should be taken twice daily (morning and evening are recommended).


The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:

Aliskiren
Lithium
Potassium-sparing diuretics such as Spironolactone, Amiloride
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, such as Captopril, Enalapril
NSAIDs such as Ibuprofen, Aspirin


If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Eliquis work?

Eliquis
Uses: Postoperative venous thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), stroke and thrombosis prevention for patients with atrial fibrillation

How does Eliquis work?
Eliquis is a product that contains apixaban. Apixaban is a new oral anticoagulant that works to prevent the formation of blood clots, including deep vein and pulmonary embolism. It can also be used in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation to prevent stroke.

How to use Eliquis and adjust the dosage?
The dosage form of Xuetongtong is a tablet. Coagulation can be taken with or without meals.

For the prevention of stroke caused by atrial fibrillation, the usual dose is 5 mg twice a day.

For the prevention of postoperative deep vein embolism or pulmonary embolism, the starting dose is 2.5 mg 12-24 hours after surgery, followed by 2.5 mg twice a day for 35 days and 12 days, respectively, for the hip and knee joints replacement.

For the treatment of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, the starting dose is 10 mg twice daily. The maintenance dose is 5 mg taken twice daily.

Lower doses are used in patients with lower body weight or with weakened kidney function.

What are the side effects of Eliquis?
Common side effects of Coagulant include an increased chance of bleeding, such as easier bruising, black tarry stools (gastrointestinal bleeding), and pink urine (urinary bleeding), which may lead to anemia.

Who should not use Eliquis:
Those who are allergic to any of the ingredients in their preparations
anyone who is bleeding
Pharmacist Tip:
Coagulation may increase the risk of bleeding. Tell your doctor right away if you experience unusual or heavy bleeding.
Unlike traditional anticoagulants (eg, warfarin), apixaban is less restrictive and requires less monitoring of international normalized ratios.
Common taking time:
Take at the same time every day. Can be taken with or without meals.

The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:

Antiplatelet such as Aspirin, Clopidogrel
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relievers such as ibuprofen, naproxen
Phenytoin
Diltiazem


If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Betaloc work?

Betaloc
Uses: heart failure, arrhythmia, high blood pressure, prevention of migraine, angina pectoris, heart attack

How does Betaloc work?
Betaloc is a product that contains metoprolol. Metoprolol is a beta-blocker, which works by slowing the activity of the heart and blood vessels. Therefore, Betaloc can be used to treat different heart problems such as high blood pressure, angina pectoris, arrhythmia and heart disease.

Additionally, Betaloc ZOK is an extended-release tablet that can be used to treat heart failure.

How to use Betaloc and adjust dosage?
Betaloc is available in regular tablets and extended-release tablets (additional injections). When using extended-release tablets, do not chew or crush them.

Treat high blood pressure
Regular Tablets: Start at 50mg twice daily, then slowly increase the dose each week. The usual dose is 100-200mg taken twice daily.
Sustained-Release Tablets: Start at 25-100 mg once daily, then slowly increase the dose every week. The usual dose is 50-200mg, taken once a day.

Treat angina
Regular Tablets: Start at 50mg twice daily, then slowly increase the dose each week. The usual dose is 50-200 mg taken twice daily.
Sustained-Release Tablets: Start at 100 mg once daily and gradually increase the dose each week.

Treat heart failure
Sustained-Release Tablets: Start at 12.5-25mg once daily, then double the dose every two weeks to the highest tolerated dose, up to 200mg per day.

Treat heart attack
Regular tablets of 25-50 mg should be taken every 6-12 hours at onset, then transition to extended-release tablets within 2-3 days, and the dose should be adjusted to 200 mg per day.

Treating irregular heart rhythms
Regular tablet: 25-100mg twice daily.
Extended-release tablet: 100-200mg once daily.

What are the side effects of Betaloc?
Common side effects of Betaloc include slowed heartbeat, depression, dizziness, shortness of breath, erectile dysfunction, and fatigue.

Who should not use Betaloc:
People who are allergic to metoprolol, beta-blockers, or any component of their preparations.
Patients with low blood pressure, slower-than-normal heart rate, and second- or third-degree heart block.
Pharmacist Tip:
This medicine may mask symptoms of low blood sugar, if you have diabetes, monitor your blood sugar levels regularly.
The first daily dose may cause drowsiness, try to slow down after taking it.
Keep taking this medicine even if you feel well.


Common taking time:

Betaloc should be taken twice daily (morning and evening) with or after meals.
The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:

Insulin
Digoxin
Clonidine
Antidepressants, such as bupropion (Bupropion), paroxetine (Paroxetine), fluoxetine (Fluoxetine)
Calcium blockers such as Amlodipine, Verapamil
If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Abilify work?

Scientific name: Aripiprazole

English name: Abilify

Drug class: Antipsychotics

Drug Subcategory: Atypical Antipsychotics

Main use: bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia

Common dosage forms:
– 2mg, 5mg, 10mg, 15mg (tablets)
– 10mg, 15mg (dissolvable tablet)
– 300mg, 400mg (extended release injection suspension)

How does Abilify work?
Ambrief is a product that contains aripiprazole. Aripiprazole is an atypical antipsychotic that regulates our mood by inhibiting the actions of dopamine and serotonin. Therefore, Enbril is mainly used for the treatment of bipolar disorder, depression and schizophrenia.

How to use Abilify and adjust the dose?
Anbrixil is available in different dosage forms, including regular tablets (Abilify), oral-dissolving lozenges (Abilify Discmelt), and injections (Abilify Maintena). Oral dissolving lozenges are suitable for patients with difficulty swallowing.

Adult
Oral: The usual dose is 10-15mg taken once daily
Injections: Once your daily oral dose has stabilized, switch to monthly injections. 400mg monthly by intramuscular injection (you must continue to take oral ambrifob (or other oral antipsychotic) for 14 days at the start of the injection course)

Teens (13-17 years old)
Oral: Start at 2 mg once daily, increase to 5 mg after two days, then increase to 10 mg every two days (maintenance dose)

Treatment of bipolar disorder (manic episodes or mixed episodes)
Adult
Oral: When this drug is used as monotherapy, the starting dose is 15 mg per day; when this drug is used as combination therapy (with Lithium or Valproate Sodium), the starting dose is 10 mg per day -15mg. Your doctor may increase the dose to 30mg daily if needed
Injections: Once your daily oral dose has stabilized, switch to monthly injections. 400mg monthly by intramuscular injection (you must continue to take oral ambrifob (or other oral antipsychotic) for 14 days at the start of the injection course)

Children (10-17 years old)
Oral: Start at 2 mg once daily, increase to 5 mg after two days, then increase to 10 mg every two days (maintenance dose)

Treatment of major depressive disorder (as adjunctive therapy to antidepressants)
aldult
Oral: start at 2-5 mg once daily, then gradually increase the dose to 15 mg once daily

What are the side effects of Abilify?
Common side effects of Amritox include weight gain, sedation, nausea, constipation, mobility problems, headache, and increased blood sugar levels.

Who is not suitable for Abilify?
People who are allergic to aripiprazole or any of the ingredients in its preparations.

Pharmacist Tip:
– Even if you feel well, do not stop taking this medicine suddenly to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
– If you have diabetes, check your blood sugar levels regularly as this medicine can raise blood sugar levels.
– Avoid driving or operating machinery until you understand how this medicine affects you.
– Avoid overheating or dehydration during treatment, as this medicine may affect the body’s thermoregulatory function, so drink plenty of water and avoid excessive exercise.

Common taking time:
Amritox can be taken on an empty or full stomach.

The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:
– Clarithromycin
– Carbamazepine
– Rifampicin
– Benzodiazepines such as Lorazepam
– Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors such as Fluoxetine, Paroxetine
– Antifungals such as Ketoconazole, Itraconazole

If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

What are the side effects of Abatacept?

Scientific name: Abataip

English name: Abatacept

The common brand name of this drug in Hong Kong is: Orencia

Drug class: Immunomodulatory drugs

Drug Subclass: Biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, selective T-cell costimulatory modulators

Main use: Psoriatic arthritis, moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Common dosage forms:
– 125mg, 250mg (injection)
– 250mg (intravenous)

How does Abatacept work?
Abatacept is a selective T-cell co-stimulatory modulator and a biological disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug. It modulates the activity of immune system cells to suppress the inflammatory response that causes arthritis and is indicated for the treatment of psoriatic arthritis, moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis, and juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

How to use Abatacept and adjust dosage?
Abatacept is an injectable drug that can be given either subcutaneously or intravenously.

To treat psoriatic arthritis, moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis:
Intravenous drip: Dosage should be adjusted according to body weight. After the initial injection, repeat injections are required on the 2nd and 4th weeks; thereafter every 4 weeks.
<60 kg: 500 mg
60 – 100 kg: 750 mg
100 kg: 1000 mg

Subcutaneous injection: 125 mg once a week.

To treat juvenile idiopathic arthritis:
Children and adolescents ≥ 6 years old:
Intravenous drip: Dosage should be adjusted according to body weight. After the initial injection, repeat injections are required on the 2nd and 4th weeks; thereafter every 4 weeks.
<75 kg: 10 mg/kg
75-100 kg: 750 mg
100 kg: 1000 mg

Children and adolescents ≥2 years of age:
Subcutaneous injection:
10-<25 kg: 50 mg once a week
25-<50 kg: 87.5 mg once a week
≥50 kg: 125 mg once a week

What are the side effects of Abatacept?
Common side effects of abatacept include headache, upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, and nausea.

Who should not use Abatacept?
Those who are allergic to duabatacept or any of the ingredients in its preparations.

Pharmacist Tip:
– Store brand new syringes in the refrigerator (do not freeze).
– After taking the syringe out of the refrigerator, let it sit for 30 minutes until it reaches room temperature before use. Do not use any heating method, such as microwave or put in warm water. Also, do not remove the needle cover while waiting.
– Each syringe can only be used once.
– Use a different body part for each injection.
– This medicine may make you more susceptible to infections. If symptoms such as fever or sore throat occur, seek medical attention immediately.

Common taking time:
Abatacept is a drug that can be injected under the skin, either into your abdomen or thigh, or into your upper arm by someone else.

The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:
– Live vaccine
– TNF blockers such as Etanercept, Infliximab
– Biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs such as Tocilizumab, Rituximab

If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.

How does Differin work?

Galderma Differin Adapalene Gel a酸藥膏祛痘暗瘡啫哩

Scientific name: Adapalene

Drug class: Anti-acne drugs

Drug Subcategory: Retinol

Main Use: Acne

Common dosage forms:
– 0.1% (cream)
– 0.1% (gel)

How does Differin work?
Acne Zero is a product that contains Adapalene. Adapalene is a retinol (vitamin A analog) that reduces acne breakouts.

How to use Differin and adjust the dosage?
Acne Zero is available in cream and gel formulations and is usually applied to the affected area once a night, but avoid using it on wounds or sensitive skin. If your skin becomes irritated after use, you can reduce the frequency of use.

Before using Acne Zero, wash your hands, then gently clean and dry the affected area. Apply a thin layer of Acne Zero to the affected area and massage gently until the medicine disappears on the skin. Do not cover, wrap, or bandage the affected area unless directed by your doctor. Also, wash your hands after using this medicine.

What are the side effects of Differin?
Common side effects of Acne Zero include burning, itching, and reddening of the skin.

Who should not use Differin:
People who are allergic to adapalene or any of the ingredients in its preparations.

Pharmacist Tip:
– It may take several months to see the full effect of this medicine.
– To ensure the best treatment effect, Acne Zero should be used at night as this medicine will be broken down by UV rays.
– Acne Zero may cause the skin to be sensitive to light, so use sun oil or sunscreen and avoid prolonged exposure to the sun or sunlamps.
– If you are using other skin products, tell your doctor or pharmacist.

Common taking time:
To use at night, apply a thin layer to affected skin.

The information is for reference only, and the actual medication time will be adjusted according to individual circumstances.

Common possible conflicting drugs:
– Other skin products that may cause skin sensitivity, such as those containing alcohol, astringents, fragrances or limes.

If you are taking the above medicines, please inform your doctor or pharmacist, the dosage may need to be adjusted.